The Gond queen Durgavati(1524-1564) ruled for fifteen years before losing her life in a battle with Mughal emperor Akbar's general Asaf Khan in 1564.Chand Bibi defended Ahmednagar against the powerful Mughal forces of Akbar in the 1590s.
Several Dharmashastras mention the restricted role of women, such as the Manu Smriti: Her father guards her in her childhood; her husband guards her in her youth; and her sons guard her in her old age. when child marriages and a ban on remarriage by widows became part of social life in some communities in India.
The Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent brought purdah to Indian society.
Child marriage remains common in rural areas, although it is illegal under current Indian law.
Sati is an old, almost completely defunct custom among some communities, in which the widow was immolated alive on her husband's funeral pyre.
Among the Rajputs of Rajasthan, the Jauhar was practised.